Redeveloping a historic vineyard is not an easy decision.
Becker Vineyard was initially planted in 1977 to over thirty different grape varieties as part of the Becker Project. Its potential for Bordeaux red varieties was later identified by Harry McWatters in 1993. That year, Richard Cleave was contracted to plant the property with some of the first Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Cabernet Franc vines in the South Okanagan.
Why redevelop a vineyard after 24 years? Itâ€™s more common than youâ€™d think. The iconic Beckstoffer To Kalon Vineyard in Napa is one year younger than Becker and will be replanted in phases beginning this year. But itâ€™s not a decision we took lightly. The quality of the fruit from Becker continues to be exceptional. However, yields are progressively low and unsustainable.
The benefit of redeveloping Becker is the opportunity to update the vineyard design. Ross and JohnÂ are currently working on the replant plan. Not only will this allow us to refine which grape varieties are planted, weâ€™ll also be able to make changes to clonal and rootstock selections.
This is the replant plan to date:
Weâ€™re starting this year with 2.2 acres of Cabernet Franc. From Black Sage Road, you can see our new hand-split cedar end posts andÂ metal line posts in place.Â Now weâ€™re just waiting on the vines.
The plan outlines not only what variety will be planted in each block, but also the clone and rootstock. For example:
CF refers to the grape variety, Cabernet Franc.
13Â refers to the clone.
101-14 refers to the rootstock.
Over time, Becker will be almost completely replanted to Bordeaux red varieties, specificallyÂ Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc.Â This means saying goodbye to some of the white varieties previously planted: Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, and Chardonnay. The sun-catching aspect of theÂ vineyard, combined with the warm climate of the Black Sage Bench, makes itÂ best suited to later ripening varieties.
The differences in clone and rootstock between blocks will allow us to bring more complexity of flavours to the palette of the vineyard and optimize quality.
Clone: a population of vines derived from a single “mother vine”
Rootstock: the root system graftedÂ onto the desired grape variety
Each block is planted with one clone to ensure uniform ripenessÂ as some clones will ripen earlier or later than others.Â Planting a vineyard with multiple clones across different blocks then helps to build complexity, as each clone has a different sensory profile. Take theÂ example of two Cabernet Sauvignon clones:
Clone 337: approachable, fruit-forward flavour profile
Clone 4: more structured with an herbal influence
The vineyard is harvested and vinified block-by-block. Weâ€™re left with many different micro-lots â€“ over 60 in 2016, for example â€“ providing us with a full palette from which to make our blends. With nearly a quarter-century of experience, we can also update the rootstocks we use so that theyâ€™re perfectly matched to each block. The focus is now on low vigour, low yielding rootstocks over higher yielding alternatives like SO4.
Replanting requires patience. We donâ€™t expect to replant the last block until 2024. And then there’s three more years until theÂ first crop from each newly planted block. But we canâ€™t wait to share the results with you.
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